Thursday, May 22, 2014
Federal Circuit rules on indefiniteness standard and on "adapted to"
The recent Federal Circuit decision In re Packard looked at the standard for indefiniteness used by the PTO. During prosecution, the PTO applies the "two or more plausible interpretations" standard, per the precedential Board decision Ex parte Miyazaki. The standard applied by the courts for an issued patent is instead "insolubly ambiguous." The court in In re Packard declined to reach the larger question of whether the PTO can use this different standard, and decided the narrower question of whether the indefiniteness rejection was proper. The court affirmed the rejection because the Applicant (pro se inventor) didn't substantively respond to the indefiniteness rejection.
In re Giannelli from earlier this year was also a review of a PTAB decision, this one involving claim construction of "adapted to." The PTAB affirmed an obviousness rejection of a claim to an exercise machine, taking the position that the prior art chest press was "capable of" performing the function recited in the claim. The Federal Circuit reversed, after finding that in this particular case, "adapted to" required more than mere capability. The court relied on the specification's disclosure of embodiments that were specifically designed for rowing.
Ryan Alley's blog has thoughtful coverage of both decisions:
In re Packard – Claim Drafting and Prosecution Lessons
In re Giannelli – Claim Drafting and Prosecution Lessons
Ryan's blog is my favorite Federal Circuit blog because it offers many practical lessons for prosecutors.